The Netherlands had a fascinating subculture of emigre Dutch-Indonesians
(Indo's, Indonesian Eurasians and Polynesian Moluccans) who hit the
instrumental rock scene in the years 1958 - 1965 and constituted the
with groups like
The Tielman Brothers,
Electric Johnny And His Skyrockets,
The Black Dynamites,
The Crazy Rockers,
Oety & his Real Rockers,
The Hap-Cats and many more.
The guitar was imported to the Indian archipelago by Portuguese explorers
in the 14th century. The traditional Portuguese song styles, saudade and
fado, played with guitar accompaniment, later became krontjong music.
Krontjong is characterized by guitars which seem to be "talking" to each
other. The guitarists play rhythmic and melodic parts instinctively.
Many Indorock musicians had a predilection for Hawaiian music, which was
popular in the Netherlands at the time. Other significant influences
included American country & western, and the rock & roll repertoire played
on radio stations in Indonesia via American stations from the
Philippines and Australia.
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